1989- Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois
offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century.
*Assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context to which each was developed.
Thesis: Between 1877 and 1915, while Black Americans faced poverty and discrimination, Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois
both advocated freedom from oppression, but each led his rebellion differently.
Synopsis: The reconstruction period served as an important factor in the advancement of colored people. During this time, the first black universities were officially founded and the hope for education appealed to blacks. Furthermore, the emergence of two prominent leaders of the freedom from oppression movement, Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois improved the likelihood of black success. As a former slave and a graduate of the Hampton Institute, Washington’s goal to teach southern African-Americans skilled labor, economic self-help, hard work, and moderation attained substantial success. Thus, he opened Tuskegee University for this purpose. Washington clearly aimed to cement the integration and cooperation of races while also promoting economic and educational advancement. On the national level, Washington’s proposals achieved distinction in white politics, while Dubois’ innovations gained respect from white Americans. However, Dubois also criticized democracy, therefore losing support from influential white politicians. Still, his attempts were to some avail, for he revived the African American advancement movement after Washington suggested black submission to the white race in his Atlanta Compromise
Address. Dubois condemned such oppressive statements and suggested racial equality among all people for the promise of advancement. Although Washington’s tactics proved more rational, both leaders played decisive roles in the improvement of blacks in American society.