Search Results for: reconstruction

African American Politics: A History of Struggle

[wzslider autoplay="true" transition="'slide'" lightbox="true"] African American Politics: A History of Struggle   In the year 2008, tens of millions of African Americans turned out in historic numbers to propel Barak Obama to the US Democratic Party nomination and, ultimately, the Presidency of the United States.  The turnout in that election was the culmination of a massive upswing in Black voting which began with the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. By the time of Obama's re-election campaign in 2012, numerous states across the US had taken steps to adopt laws which would severely restrict voting rights. Many of these laws were targeted at African American voters. For African American voters, this attempt to roll back voting rights was like Deja Vu, all over again. As far back as the…
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Nigeria Kidnappings — Who Are the ‘Boko Haram?’

By Andrew Lam Editor's Note: Professor Michael Watts teaches geography at UC Berkeley and is the author of many books, including “Silent Violence: Food, Famine, and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria” and “Curse of the Black Gold: 50 Years of Oil in the Niger Delta.” He spoke to NAM editor Andrew Lam about the recent kidnappings of more than 300 schoolgirls in Nigeria by the radical group known as Boko Haram, and the apparent inability of the Nigerian government to either prevent or respond to their crimes. At the time of this writing, 276 of the girls that were kidnapped three weeks ago remain in captivity while 53 have escaped. On Tuesday, Nigerian officials reported that the group had struck again, abducting 11 more schoolgirls in the country's northeast region. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kizER_BkSWw…
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Black Politics in New Deal Atlanta

Questions and Answers Black Politics in New Deal Atlanta Differences and Similarity between Booker T's ideas and Du Bois Ideas?Compare and contrast thier ideas. Posted by Chrisna S [display_name id="1"]1989- Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. *Assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context to which each was developed. Thesis: Between 1877 and 1915, while Black Americans faced poverty and discrimination, Booker T. Washington and WEB Dubois both advocated freedom from oppression, but each led his rebellion differently. Synopsis: The reconstruction period served as an important factor in the advancement of colored people. During this time, the first…
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The NAACP and the Black Political Struggle

No organization defines the history of the African American struggle for freedom like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, commonly known as, the NAACP. Many organizations and movements have come and gone. The NAACP remains.In many local communities in the Jim Crow and the post Jim Crow South, the NAACP has been synonymous with the Black struggle. Sometimes new organizations emerged and coalesced with the NAACP. At other times new organizations emerged in contrast to the NAACP. None have replaced the NAACP and its special historical relationship with the African American community. Below, you will find links to many sources where you can explore for yourself, The NAACP and the Black Political Struggle.   National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ... The National Association for the…
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The Emerging Congressional Black Caucus

African Americans in Congress - Reconstruction to Present The emergence of today's powerful Congressional Black Caucus has its roots in the period after the Civil War known as Reconstruction. Between 1870 and 1900, Twenty-two African Americans served in the United States Congress. George HW White of North Carolina was the last remaining one. After White's departure, there were no Black members of Congress from 1901 until 1931.For the next 15 years there  was never more than a single Black Representative in Congress at one time. The modern Voting Rights movement can be traced to the 1944 decision of the US Supreme Court in Smith v. Allright to outlaw the White Primary in Texas. http://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/archive/html/vce/features/0503_01/smith.html .  This was a key decision argued by Thurgood Marshall. Prior to the Court's ruling, the Democratic party in the…
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The National Black Caucus of State Legislators – A Historical Reference

Black State Legislators from Reconstruction to the Present Legislative Black Caucuses The National Black Caucus of State Legislators The modern Voting Rights movement can be traced to the 1944 decision of the US Supreme Court in Smith v. Allright to outlaw the White Primary in Texas.http://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/archive/html/vce/features/0503_01/smith.html .  This was a key decision argued by Thurgood Marshall. Prior to the Court’s ruling, the Democratic party in the South (Dixiecrats) was allowed to set its own internal rules. This meant that the outcome of the Democratic Primary determined the outcome of the election. Therefore, all white primaries meant that African Americans were effectively excluded from  political power.  http://books.google.com/books?id=npem7JszWfkC&pg=PA108&dq=smith+v+allright&num=8&client=internal-uds&cd=1&source=uds . As African Americans returning from fighting abroad in World War 11 began to advocate for more political representation, the white power structure (in the South) reacted to…
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Editor&’s Statement – African American Politics – A History of Struggle

The history of African Americans is a history rich with political struggle. Whether we study the early  slave rebellions, the Civil War, #reconstruction, Post-Reconstruction, the Garvey Movement, the 1960s Civil Rights and Black Power movements, or the rise of Black elected officials up to, and including, the election of Barak Obama, African Americans have engaged in deliberate political action to advance their quality of life within the United States. In 2008, tens of millions of African Americans turned out in historic numbers to propel Barak Obama to the Democratic Party nomination and, ultimately, the Presidency of the United States.  The turnout in that election was the culmination of a massive upswing in Black voting which began with the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. By the time of Obama's re-election campaign…
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The New Deal and the Black Shift from Republican to Democrat

  The NEW DEAL for Blacks The New Deal was a series of economic programs passed by Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, fr...   African Americans and the New Deal: A Look Back in History ... http://www.rooseveltinstitute.org/new-roosevelt/african-americans-and-new-deal-look-back-history African Americans and the New Deal: ... and usher in a new political climate in which ... for the hiring of black laborers based on the 1930 labor census and ... Party Realignment and the New Deal | US House of ... http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/BAIC/Historical-Essays/Keeping-the-Faith/Party-Realignment--New-Deal/ The political realignment of black voters that began in the ... Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930 ... The New Deal’s Black ... BlackDemographics.com - POLITICS - Black Party Affiliation http://blackdemographics.com/culture/black-politics/ Things began to change during the…
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The Voting Rights Movement

 Single Member Districts and Black Office Holding The Modern Voting Rights Movement has transformed the United States of America. That movement basically encompassed three phases. First was the fight for African American voter registration. Second, was the mobilization of the newly registered voters to turn out at the ballot box and vote. The third phase was the struggle to break down institutional barriers which prevented African American citizens from being able to elect their candidates of choice.  That third phase of the voting rights movement  led to a revolution in African American office holding. Litigation and mobilization around Sections 2 and 5 of the Voting Right Act forced the creation of Single Member Districts across the South, enabling those who successfully registered to vote and turned out at the…
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The Black Mayors

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwwqLOyl-Xw [caption id="attachment_69755" align="aligncenter" width="640"] National Black Political Convention Gary Indiana 1972[/caption] Richard Hatcher - Carl Stokes - First of the Black Mayors In the United States, the election of Black mayors of major American cities began in 1967 as the Civil Rights Movement was transitioning to the Black Power Movement.  The election of  Richard  Hatcher as  Mayor of Gary, Indiana,  in 1967 signaled a turning point in black politics. When Hatcher became recognized as the first elected Black mayor of a U.S. metropolitan city,  he helped to ignite a debate about whether electoral politics should become a primary tactic of achieving Black Power or an end unto itself. In the years since many of the major American cities have elected African American mayors. Even though Hatcher is celebrated as…
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