The Congressional Black Caucus and African Americans in Congress – Reconstruction to present

Between 1870 and 1900, Twenty-two African Americans served in the United States Congress. George HW White of North Carolina was the last remaining one. After White’s departure, there were no Black members of Congress from 1901 until 1931.For the next 15 years there  was never more than a single Black Representative in Congress at one time. The modern Voting Rights movement can be traced to the 1944 decision of the US Supreme Court in Smith v. Allright to outlaw the White Primary in Texas. http://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/archive/html/vce/features/0503_01/smith.html .  This was a key decision argued by Thurgood Marshall. Prior to the Court’s ruling, the Democratic party in the South (Dixiecrats) was allowed to set its own internal rules. This meant that the outcome of the Democratic Primary determined the outcome of the election. Therefore, all white primaries meant that African Americans were effectively excluded from  political power.  http://books.google.com/books?id=npem7JszWfkC&pg=PA108&dq=smith+v+allright&num=8&client=internal-uds&cd=1&source=uds . As African Americans returning from fighting abroad in World War 11 began to advocate for more political representation, the white power structure (in the South) reacted to the ruling in Smith v. Allright  by adopting schemes to ensure that if a large number of African Americans entered the electorate, they would not have the ability to elect candidates of their choice. COLORLINES – Texas’ Road To Victory in Its Decades Long Fight Against … http://colorlines.com/archives/2012/07/texas_vs_the_voting_rights_act_still.html … the number of African Americans registered to vote after Smith v Allwrightdiscriminatory votingpoll tax, and no doubt Holder had Smith vThe Nation – Texas’ Road To Victory in Its Decades-Long Fight Against … http://www.thenation.com/blog/168850/texass-road-victory-its-decades-long-fight-against-voting-rights A fully nourished NAACP legal team was needed in the years after Smith v. Allwright, … discriminatory votingpoll tax, and no doubt Holder had Smith v. Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas Merline Pitre, published 2003, 296 pages The 1982 amendments to the Section 2 of the Voting Right Act of 1965, followed by the US Supreme Court decision in the 1986 Thornburg v. Gingles case fundamentally changed the picture of Black office holding in the US. Minority Representation and the Quest for Voting Equality Bernard Grofman, published 1994, 188 pages A Voting Rights Odyssey: Black Enfranchisement in Georgia Laughlin McDonald, published 2003, 254 pages   In the South alone, the number of Black elected officials went from 1179 in 1973 to 4924 in 1993. The ability of jurisdictions to draw single-member districts in which African American voters were a majority (almost always forced to do so through litigation or enforcement of the amended Voting Right Act), allowed African American voters for the first time since #reconstruction to elect candidates of their choice. Between 1972 and 1992, the number of African Americans in Congress from the South went from zero to seventeen. The emergence of a large and nationwide Congressional Black Caucus is a direct result of the historical struggle for African American voting rights. The creation of majority black single member congressional districts following the vigorous enforcement of sections 2 and 5 of the Voting Rights Act is why today we have such a large number of African Americans in Congress (especially from the South).  

National Urban League President, Chair of Congressional Black Caucus Speak at March AnniversaryNational Urban League President, Chair of Congressional Black Caucus Speak at March Anniversary Marc Morial, president and CEO of the National Urban League and Rep. Marcia Fudge (D-OH), spoke at the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington. Both spok…

  Creation and Evolution of the Congressional Black Caucus | US … http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/BAIC/Historical-Essays/Permanent-Interest/Congressional-Black-Caucus/ … he joined black Members William Dawson of Illinois and Adam Clayton Powell … The Congressional Black Caucus: … 36 “Congress Caucus for Blacks Only … Encyclopedia of the United States Congress Robert E. Dewhirst, John David Rausch, published 2009, 593 pages Datapedia of the United States: American History in Numbers (Datapedia of … George Thomas Kurian, Barbara Ann Chernow, published 2007, 736 pages Historical Dictionary of the Civil Rights Movement Christopher M. Richardson, Ralph E. Luker, published 2014, 662 pages THE DEATH OF RECONSTRUCTION Heather Cox RICHARDSON, published 2009, 330 pages Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress Michael D. Minta, published 2011, 176 pages Dreams of a More Perfect Union Rogan Kersh, published 2004, 358 pages Black Reconstruction in America 1860-1880 W. E. B. Du Bois, published 1935, 746 pagesForever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction Eric Foner, published 2006, 268 pages Encyclopedia of African American History [3 volumes] unknown, published 2010, 1136 pages Hiram Rhodes Revels Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827 – January 16, 1901) was a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), and a Republican politician Reconstruction Era were elected to state legislatures during Reconstruction, as well as several to Congress and one, Hiram Revels, to the U.S. Senate. In a highly controversial List of African-American Republicans The following is a list of African-American Republicans, past and present. This list is limited to black Americans who have worked in a direct, professional African American members – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_Americans_in_the_United_States_Congress Hiram Revels, the first African American to serve in either house of Congress. …. Reconstruction era black senators and representatives were members of the … List of African-American United States Senators – Wikipedia, the free … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_African-American_United_States_Senators The 113th United States Congress (2013–15) marked the first time that two African … Hiram Rhodes Revels, the first African American to serve, was elected by the … an African-American member of the United States House of Representatives, ….. Story of Reconstruction Through the Lives of the First Black Congressmen. Black political participation in Reconstruction | The Gilder Lehrman … http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/reconstruction/timeline-terms/black-political-participation-reconstruction Fourteen black men served in the House of Representatives between 1869 and 1877, … Reconstruction’s end in 1877, however, allowed white southerners to push African … Coverage People: Hiram Revels. Coverage Organizations: Congress …. Current Issue · Past Issues … Community Members · My Favorited Resources. Black Americans in Congress | US House of Representatives … http://baic.house.gov/ Since 1870, when Senator Hiram Revels of Mississippi and Representative Joseph … Members of Congress, links to information about current black Members, … shaped the experiences of black Members of Congress since Reconstruction. Black political participation in Reconstruction | The Gilder Lehrman … http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/reconstruction/timeline-terms/black-political-participation-reconstruction Fourteen black men served in the House of Representatives between 1869 and 1877, … Reconstruction’s end in 1877, however, allowed white southerners to push African … Coverage People: Hiram Revels. Coverage Organizations: Congress …. Current Issue · Past Issues … Community Members · My Favorited Resources. Rooted in Reconstruction: The First Wave of Black Congressmen … http://www.thenation.com/article/rooted-reconstruction-first-wave-black-congressmen Oct 15, 2008 Home Blogs Columnists Current Issue Magazine Archive Multimedia … Rooted in Reconstruction: The First Wave of Black Congressmen … Eric Foner, a member of The Nation’s editorial board, is the DeWitt Clinton … Hiram Revels and Blanche Bruce) who served in Congress between 1870 and 1877. A Visual Timeline of Reconstruction – Digital History http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/exhibits/reconstruction/timeline.html Frees slaves in states in rebellion and authorizes the enlistment of black troops. … Congress divides the former Confederacy into five military districts and requirs … Hiram Revels of Mississippi elected to U. S. Senate as the first black senator. … Five black members in the House of Representatives: Benjamin S. Turner of … African Americans in the United States Congress During … https://database.civics.unc.edu/files/2012/09/AfricanAmericansUSCongressReconstruction.pdf African Americans in the US Congress During Reconstruction Power Point, …. all of these Reconstruction-era black Senators and Representatives were members of … them present their project in front of the entire class, rather than in small groups. …. Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first African American to serve in the U.S. … First Black Republicans in Congress Since 2003 – NYTimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/06/us/politics/06house.html Nov 5, 2010 He did not join the Congressional Black Caucus because it was … during the Reconstruction period after the Civil War, when 16 black men … The first was Hiram R. Revels, of Mississippi, who was in the Senate from 1870 to 1871. … are 42 African-American members in the current lame-duck Congress. Reconstruction — Encyclopedia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/493722/Reconstruction Nov 10, 2014 Reconstruction, in U.S. history, the period (1865–77) that followed the American … In the South, a politically mobilized black community joined with white allies to … Congress refused to seat the representatives and senators elected from the … Revels, Hiram R.: first African American members of Congress … African American Odyssey: Reconstruction and Its Aftermath (Part 2) http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart5b.html [Elderly black man with spectacles reading a newspaper by candlelight]. … Nevertheless, the Radical Republicans in the U.S. Congress were determined that African … Radical Members of the First Legislature after the War, South Carolina. … Pictured here are Senator Hiram R. Revels and Representatives Benjamin S. Reconstruction Timeline of Important Dates – Shmoop http://www.shmoop.com/reconstruction/timeline.html Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which comes to be known as his 10 Percent Plan. …. Overriding President Johnson’s veto, Congress grants black male citizens in … Congressional, or “Radical” Reconstruction commences. … The first African-American senator—Hiram R. Revels (Republican) of … H.Doc. 108-224 Black Americans in Congress 1870-2007 – U.S. … http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CDOC-108hdoc224/pdf/GPO-CDOC-108hdoc224.pdf Apr 6, 2001 PART II: CURRENT BLACK MEMBERS OF CONGRESS . … The arrival of senator Hiram revels of mississippi and representative Joseph rainey of south carolina …… middleton, ed., Black Congressmen During Reconstruction:. Republican African American Officeholders during the Reconstruction http://tcgop.org/about-tcgop/gop-principles-2/list-of-african-american-officeholders-during-the-reconstruction/ Current Precinct Chairs · Lincoln Council · Who Represents Me? … John Mercer Langston, first African-American elected to the U.S. Congress from Virginia. … of Louisiana; Joseph Hayne Rainey, U.S. Representative from South Carolina, member of the South Carolina Senate. … Hiram Revels, U.S. Senator from Mississippi. 1866-1870 – TSLA::This Honorable Body: African American … http://www.state.tn.us/tsla/exhibits/blackhistory/timelines/timeline_1866-1870.htm Beginning of “Congressional Reconstruction” –four Military Reconstruction Acts …. The Tennessee Constitutional Convention ends, having adopted the currentHiram Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is the first black member of the US  … (1871) Congressman Joseph H. Rainey, “Speech … – The Black Past http://www.blackpast.org/1871-joseph-h-rainey-speech-made-reply-attack-upon-colored-state-legislators-south-carolina He was elected to Congress four times as a Republican, serving until March 3, 1879 … him the longest serving black Congressman during the Reconstruction era. … representative who made disparaging remarks about the black members of the … Not having had these advantages, we cannot at the present time compete … Black Reconstruction – Online Encyclopedia http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/articles/pages/6010/Black-Reconstruction.html The term Black Reconstruction refers to the actions and activities of both black and … of black Americans to this period in American history; and (2) it presents a corrective to … With the support of congressional legislation and federal troops, many … Hiram Revels of Mississippi, and the first African-American member of the … Hiram R. Revels – Biography – Academic, Minister, US Representative http://www.biography.com/people/hiram-r-revels-9456129 For more on Hiram Revels, the first African American to serve in the U.S. Senate, … in the South in a time of widespread slavery, Revels was a member of a free family. … to the position of alderman in 1868, during the first phase of Reconstruction. … citizenship requirement to hold congressional office given his ineligibility for … Reconstruction in Mississippi, 1865-1876 | Mississippi History Now http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/204/reconstruction-in-mississippi-1865-1876 Image courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D. C. … Hiram R. Revels of Natchez was appointed by the predominantly Republican Mississippi … Reconstruction for Mississippi’s black and white citizens was particularly intense. …. Congressional, or Radical, Reconstruction ensued. The History of Black Voting Rights [Great read!] – Free Republic http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/news/1072053/posts Feb 5, 2004 A black civil rights leader recently told an assembly at Michigan State …. of the Democrats, several anti-slavery Members of Congress formed an …. during Reconstruction, when the last African-American left the State House in ….. Hiram R. Revels from his speech on the Georgia Bill on March 16, 1870; p.  

Diversity in the SenateDiversity in the Senate Black Americans in Congress “Since 1870, when Senator Hiram Revels of Mississippi and Representative Joseph Rainey of South Carolina became the first African…

  A Pictorial Tour of Black America: Past and Present: Some of History’s … unknown, published 1971, 32 pages Creating Black Americans: African-American History and Its Meanings, 1619 to … Nell Irvin Painter, published 2006, 458 pages Black Congressmen During Reconstruction: A Documentary Sourcebook unknown, published 2002, 444 pages   African Americans In Congress: A Documentary History Eric Freedman, Stephen a Jones, published 2008, 574 pages Revolutionaries to Race Leaders: Black Power and the Making of African … Cedric Johnson, published 2007, 294 pages They were the first black members of Congress | OregonLive … http://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/ But let’s get back to Reconstruction. On the cover of Dray’s book is a Currier & Ives lithograph of the first seven black members of Congress — Sen. Hiram Revels of Mississippi, a magnificent speaker who in 1870 was denied a … Radical Reconstruction: A Lost Era | Black Is http://www.blackisonline.com/ But from 1867 to 1877 (the general period to which the phrase “Radical Reconstruction” refers) there were 16 black members members of congress (keep in mind that the House of Representatives had more than a 140 fewer … office, this allowed newly freed blacks (often under the educated leadership of northern free blacks like Hiram Revels who came to organize in the south) an opportunity to band together politically and win elections, with help from the northern … Marxist update: Black History Month 2010: When … http://marxistupdate.blogspot.com/ Yet during the 14 or so years of Reconstruction, the United States undertook its greatest experiment with democracy, and flirted with making legal and civil equality for Black citizens the officially recognized and enforced policy of the nation. … Between 1901 and 1931 there were no Black members of congress, and until 1945 there was never more than a single Black Representative. No African American …. Bank of New York (Mellon) presents: VAN GOGH! Gaseous … Doug Ross @ Journal: Frances Rice: Black Republicans … http://directorblue.blogspot.com/ Scott and the other black Republican nominees, if elected in 2010, would join the ranks of the first blacks who were elected to Congress during the Reconstruction era – all Republicans. On the list that is posted on the NBRA website are the first two black Senators and the 21 black members of the House of Representatives. Hiram Rhodes Revels of Mississippi was the first black elected as a United States Senator, serving from 1870 to 1871. He was followed in the … US Slave: Capitol Men: The Epic Story of Reconstruction http://usslave.blogspot.com/ It offers a collective biography of several black congressmen in the South during Reconstruction who bravely took a public stance against racial prejudice. But it also shows that these politicians were stymied by a rising culture of white … neglected in Reconstruction surveys. These politicians were pioneers. Hiram Rhodes Revels of Mississippi became the first African-American member of Congress in 1870 when he took the Senate seat once held by Jefferson Davis.      

CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS ” MAXINE WATERS, KAREN BASS, REV. JESSE JACKSON Y.O.C. PROJECT The Congressional Black Caucus is an organization representing the black members of the United States Congress. Membership is exclusive to blacks,[1] and its…

  African American Politics Kendra King, published 2010, 238 pages The Congressional Black Caucus, Minority Voting Rights, and the U.S. Supreme … Christina Rivers, published 2012, 213 pages Barbara Jordan: American Hero Mary Beth Rogers, published 2011, 432 pages The Congressional Black Caucus: racial politics in the U.S. Congress Robert Singh, published 1998, 241 pages Upon these Shores: Themes in the African-American Experience 1600 to the … unknown, published 2013, 480 pages The Congressional Black Caucus in the 103rd Congress David A. Bositis, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies (U.S.), published 1994, 178 pages African American Perspectives on Political Science unknown, published 2007, 456 pages Black members of Congress & their speeches & tributes: and tributes to … Sheryl H. Clayton, published 1987, 320 pages   Congressional Black Caucus – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congressional_Black_Caucus The Congressional Black Caucus is an organization representing the black members of the United States Congress. … and present members of the caucus have been black. Black Americans in Congress http://baic.house.gov/ … no African American served in the U.S. Congress for … of black Members of Congress since Reconstruction. … of the Congressional Black Caucus. … African American members – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_Americans_in_the_United_States_Congress In 1866, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act and the four Reconstruction … Revels was the first black member of the Congress overall. Blacks were a majority of the population in many congressional districts across the South …. African-American officeholders in the United States, 1789–1866 · Congressional Black Caucus … First Black Republicans in Congress Since 2003 – NYTimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/06/us/politics/06house.html Nov 5, 2010 He did not join the Congressional Black Caucus because it was dominated … during the Reconstruction period after the Civil War, when 16 black men … are 42 African-American members in the current lame-duck Congress. Congressional Black Caucus | Dallas Morning News http://trailblazersblog.dallasnews.com/tag/congressional-black-caucus/ Jul 9, 2013 WASHINGTON — The all-Democrat Congressional Black Caucus has invited … Texas’ first black Republican elected to Congress since Reconstruction. … Lee of Houston will join other members of the Congressional Black Caucus in …. could be called by Perry shortly after the current session ends Monday. Rooted in Reconstruction: The First Wave of Black Congressmen … http://www.thenation.com/article/rooted-reconstruction-first-wave-black-congressmen Oct 15, 2008 Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Robert Smalls …. Today the Congressional Black Caucus numbers forty-two members, …

CBC Chair Marcia Fudge on Meet the Press - Part 1CBC Chair Marcia Fudge on Meet the Press – Part 1 Congressional Black Caucus Chair Marcia Fudge Appears on Meet the Press for a conversation on Race and Justice in America. The panel also included Marc Moria…

  The Late Great Congressional Black Caucus | blackjournalism.com http://blackjournalism.com/%3Fp%3D266 Sep 6, 2012 That’s right, the CBC is on the cusp of its largest membership ever and for the … The first Blacks to ever serve in Congress were Reconstruction Republicans. … The Congressional Black Caucus was founded in 1971 with a handful of … When Joe Straus, the current Texas Speaker of the House, has to hire a … The Congressional Black Caucus: Seeing black and right | The … http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/10/congressional_black_caucus Oct 22, 2010 The Congressional Black Caucus exists, according to its mission … The CBC was formed in 1969, since when there have been only two black Republican members of the … This year, 15 black Republicans are running for Congress. … well see three black Republicans for the first time since Reconstruction. Congressional Black Caucus Hosts ‘Returning Citizens’ Panel – Ebony http://www.ebony.com/news-views/congressional-black-caucus-hosts-returning-citizens-panel-334 Jun 18, 2014 The Congressional Caucus on Black Men and Boys recently held an event … “ People want to find out what they can do to help these men reconstruct their lives, they … An organization present at the hearing from Kelly’s city was … Liaison and Reentry Specialist, told members of Congress about his days as … 60 Years after Brown v. Board: The Congressional Black Caucus … http://www.empowermagazine.com/60-years-brown-v-board-cbcs-impact-education-blacks-u-s/ May 21, 2014 … between reconstruction and the year the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) was … The CBC was founded in 1971; six years after congress passed the … In 1977, 15 of the Congressional Black Caucus members posed on the …. have proposed bills to amend ESEA, which is still NCLB in its current form. Bobby Scott – KeyWiki http://keywiki.org/Bobby_Scott 7 DSA endorsement; 8 Opposed Iraq War; 9 National Congress of Black … since Reconstruction and only the second African American elected to Congress in … Robert Scott is a member of the Congressional Black Caucus for the 113th Congress: …. to Cuba by granting general licenses for ALL current categories of travel. Minority Group Leadership in Congress | Wilson Center http://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/minority-group-leadership-congress Feb 10, 2003 And what holds for the future in minority group congressional leadership? … in 1992 with Democrats in power than in 2002 with 37 Black members. … Swain said the challenge to the Black Caucus is to be flexible enough “to seize … with reconstruction, through the civil rights era, and to the present. During … H.Doc. 108-224 Black Americans in Congress 1870-2007 – U.S. … http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CDOC-108hdoc224/pdf/GPO-CDOC-108hdoc224.pdf Apr 6, 2001 PART II: CURRENT BLACK MEMBERS OF CONGRESS . … Appendix I: Congressional Black Caucus Chairmen and Chairwomen, 1971–2007 . … The passage and ratification of the Reconstruction Amendments (13th,. Utah election results: Mia Love becomes first black Republican … http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/11/utah_election_results_mia_love_black_republican_woman_congress.html Nov 5, 2014 Love said she plans to join the Congressional Black Caucus and make … His father, Wayne Owens, represented Utah in Congress as a … first ever black Senator elected in the South since reconstruction. …. @AwkwardSilence They sure don’t get equal pay in the current …. South Bay Members‘ Council Nra. African Americans in Government – National Park Service http://www.nps.gov/frdo/forteachers/upload/Shoshi-s-poster-final.pdf West, no black, no white, but a solidarity of the nation…” -Frederick Douglass, 1864 … “I…hope that you will retain Mr. Douglass in his present office of Marshall of … During Reconstruction, Congress required the … members of Congress. … black congressman of the Reconstruction Era, completed his term in … Black Caucus.   Congressional Black Caucus > Gallery http://www.avoiceonline.org/photo.html?idq=urn%3Autlol%3Aavoice.conyers028-01&exhq=CBC+History&themeq=&pageq=2 … Rep. Earl Hilliard; Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson; Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee; RepRep. John Lewis; and Rep. Melvin WattRep. Cynthia McKinney; RepFamous African Americans and Black History http://00695f0.netsolhost.com/Zpaa.html Rep. John Conyers is the ranking minority member of the House Judiciary Committee. … Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee: … Congressman Melvin Watt: List of African-American United States Representatives – Wikipedia … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_African-American_United_States_Representatives John Conyers is the longest-serving African American in the history of the United … The United States House of Representatives has had 131 elected and …. Rep. John Adams Hyman.jpg, John Adams Hyman (1840–1891) ….. John lewis official biopic.jpg …. Cynthia McKinney.jpg … Mel Reynolds.jpg … Sheila JacksonLee Politics – M4040.com http://www.m4040.com/Entertainment/Politics-Bring%2520Back%2520Joe.htm See the list of Senators and Congressmen that are members below. … John Lewis Cynthia McKinneyJohn ConyersMel Watt Sherrod Brown Stephanie Tubbs Jones Marcy Kaptur … Sheila JacksonLeeRep. Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., the likely new minority leader in the House of Representatives, serves on the … Congressman Donald M. Payne 1934-2012 | Skeptical Brotha http://skepticalbrotha.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/congressman-donald-m-payne-1934-2012/ Mar 6, 2012 HAT TIP: By David Giambusso/The Star-Ledger U.S. Rep. Donald Payne, the elder statesman of New Jersey’s congressional delegation, died … Stephanie Tubbs Jones | Skeptical Brotha https://skepticalbrotha.wordpress.com/category/stephanie-tubbs-jones/ Aug 21, 2008 … Cory Booker · Criminal Injustice System · Cynthia McKinney · Darius Miller …. The reaction to the death of Ohio Congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones has been swift. … member of the Congressional Black Caucus, Louis Stokes. …. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas) Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.) Rep. Kendrick Meek defeats billionaire | Skeptical Brotha http://skepticalbrotha.wordpress.com/2010/08/24/kendrick-meek-defeats-billionaire/ Aug 24, 2010 Miami Gardens Congressman Kendrick Meek,43, defeated billionaire Jeff Greene for the … Shaquanda Cotton · Sheila Dixon · Sheila Jackson Lee · Sherman Burnett · Shirley Franklin … John Lewis Calls for ‘Massive, Non-Violent Protests’ Nationwide if Wilson Isn’t Indicted mediaite.com/online/rep-joh… Major African American Office Holders Since 1641 | The Black Past … http://www.blackpast.org/aah/major-african-american-office-holders Crystal Bird Fauset, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1938-1940 … John Willis Menard, Louisiana, 1868 (elected but not seated) Joseph H. Rainey … John Conyers, Jr., Michigan, 1965– … Cynthia McKinney, Georgia, 1993-2003, 2005-2007 … Mel Watt, North Carolina 1993– … Shelia JacksonLee, Texas, 1995– Congressional Black Caucus : Press Releases http://cbc.fudge.house.gov/press-releases/tag/cbc/ … Ranking Member of the House Judiciary Committee John Conyers Jr. (MI-13), CongresswomanCongressman Mel Watt … nomination of Rep. Barbara LeeDC HipHop Caucus and Congress people push for Katrina bill … http://neworleans.indymedia.org/news/2006/03/7315.php The bill was introduced by Representative Melvin Watt from North … Barbara Lee [D-CA], John Lewis [D-GA], Cynthia McKinney [D … Congresswoman Sheila JacksonLee CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS (CBC) – Discover the Networks http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/printgroupProfile.asp?grpid=7126 Its founders were Representatives John Conyers and Charles … Jr., Barbara Lee, Sheila Jackson Lee, John Lewis, Cynthia McKinney, … , Melvin Watt, … Overruling Democracy: The Supreme Court Versus the American People Jamin B. Raskin, published 2004, 312 pages Charles B. Rangel – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Rangel Adam Clayton Powell IV would again challenge him, … By 1988, Rangel was saying that President Ronald Reagan had not done enough in the war on drugs, … Creation and Evolution of the Congressional Black Caucus | US … http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/BAIC/Historical-Essays/Permanent-Interest/Congressional-Black-Caucus/ … William Dawson of Illinois and Adam Clayton Powell—the largest delegation of … (back row) Ronald Dellums of California, Louis Stokes of Ohio, and Charles C. … for African-American Members.19Charles Rangel of New York, who narrowly …