Search Results for: reconstruction

Splendid Failure: Postwar Reconstruction in the American South (American Ways)

Since the civil rights era of the 1960s, revisionist historians have been sympathetic to the racial justice motivations of the Radical Republican Reconstruction policies that followed the Civil War. But this emphasis on positive goals and accomplishments has obscured the role of the Republicans in the overthrow of their own program. Rich with insight, Michael W. Fitzgerald's new interpretation of Reconstruction shows how the internal dynamics of this first freedom movement played into the hands of white racist reactionaries in the South. Splendid Failure recounts how postwar financial missteps and other governance problems quickly soured idealistic Northerners on the practical consequences of the Radical Republican plan, and set the stage for the explosion that swept Southern Republicans from power and resulted in Northern acquiescence to the bloody repression of voting…
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Black Reconstruction in The US 1860-1880 – Excerpt – W.E.B. Du Bois

“One reads the more true deeper records of Reconstruction with despair. It is without delay so primary and human, and but so futile. There is no villain, no fool, no saint. There are only guys; men who crave ease and vigour, men who know need and starvation, men who've crawled. They all dream and attempt with ecstasy of worry and stress of effort, balked of hope and hate. Yet the wealthy world is wide adequate for all, wants all, needs all. So mild a gesture, a notice, might set the strife so as, not with full content material, but with becoming break of day of achievement. Instead roars the crash of hell…” ― W.E.B. Du Bois, from his basic historical past, Black Reconstruction in The US 1860-1880 Read More
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Black Reconstruction 1

Weirdly, I all started my mission of rereading Du Bois’ 1935 Black Reconstruction every week earlier than HRC’s remarks (see right here). I’m going to maintain a few of my studying notes on tumblr.For now, I’ll simply go away this evaluation of Black Reconstruction from The Herald Tribune (1965) here: “After 1935 no severe historian may ignore the method to the Reconstruction period set forth via Du Bois and no accountable citizen could be entitled to statement on the field without contemplating this outstanding, searching examination of The United States’s most misunderstood period” (by scholarly critic J H Franklin cited within the introduction to the 1976 version)Read More
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Black Reconstruction 2

“… the plight of the white working class all the way through the world these days is at once traceable to Negro slavery in The United States, on which up to date commerce and trade was established… The resulting colour caste established and retained with the aid of capitalism became adopted, forwarded and authorised with the aid of white labor, and resulted in subordination of coloured labor to white profits across the world. Thus the bulk of the area’s employees, by the insistence of white labor, become the foundation of a device of trade which ruined democracy and confirmed its ultimate fruit in World Conflict and Melancholy.” WEB Du Bois, Black Reconstruction in The United States (1935 [1976 edition] p.32)Read More
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Books Study in 2016 #17: Black Reconstruction in The USA by W.E.B. Du Bois “The most remarkable drama in the ultimate thousand years…

Books Examine in 2016 #17: Black Reconstruction in The USA by W.E.B. Du Bois“The most awesome drama in the ultimate thousand years of human historical past is the transportation of ten million human beings out of the dark great thing about their mom continent into the brand new-found Eldorado of the West. They descended into Hell and in the 1/3 century they arose from the useless, in the greatest effort to obtain democracy for the working thousands and thousands which this world had ever considered. It became a tragedy that beggared the Greek; it became an upheaval of humanity just like the Reformation and the French Revolution. Yet we're blind and led by using blind. We determine in it no a part of our labor circulation; no a part of our…
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Reconstruction: The Second Civil War {1 of 2}

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KNhf3ZkSuU The story of the tumultuous years after the #civil War during which America grappled with how to rebuild itself, how to successfully bring the South back into... Video Rating: 4 / 5
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Reconstruction and Post-Reconstruction

[caption id="attachment_70233" align="aligncenter" width="253"] Freedmen's Bureau[/caption] [caption id="attachment_70234" align="aligncenter" width="300"] The Freedmen's Bureau Reconstruction[/caption] Reconstruction Era 1860 to 1880 In many respects, the Reconstruction period in American history was the most promising for African Americans. Understanding the political achievements of African Americans in the Reconstruction period between 1860 and 1880, and the subsequent backlash which wiped all of those achievements (Post-Reconstruction) away, is crucial to the understanding of the movements which came later. African American History – The Struggle Continues Post Reconstruction Black Codes State laws that restricted the newly won freedoms of African Americans became known as the "Black Codes".  These "Black Codes"  played an important role in institutionalizing  Post -Reconstruction, The laws in many Southern states that still deny hundreds of thousands of African Americans the right to vote on…
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Insider View Who is Malcolm X? The Malcolm X Assassination

[caption id="attachment_63344" align="alignnone" width="182"] Who is Malcolm X[/caption]   Malcolm X May 19, 1925 to February 21, 1965 Who is Malcolm X Who is Malcolm X and why did the Malcolm X assassination take place are legitimate questions examined in this article. These questions are asked by many young people curious about the history of the African American freedom struggle. February 21st, 2015, marked the fiftieth anniversary of the Malcolm X assassination. Had he lived, Malcolm X would have turned 90 years old on May 19 2015. To focus on this occasion, Black Politics featured this first-hand account of who is Malcolm X, his significance, and the events leading up to the Malcolm X assassination from a man whom the notorious former head of the FBI, J Edgar Hoover, in…
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Marcus Garvey The 1920s and the Garvey Movement

[caption id="attachment_63548" align="aligncenter" width="335"] Marcus Garvey[/caption] Marcus Garvey as Commander in Chief of the Universal African Legion Marcus Garvey & Garvey Movement Today, when we think of Black political movements, we think of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. However, serious students of African American history and politics know that the largest political movement among African Americans was not the movement of the 1960s, but the Garvey Movement of the 1920s. This movement was led by Marcus Mosiah Garvey who emigrated to the United States from his birthplace of Jamaica and organized a worldwide Black nationalist and Pan Africanist movement of black people under the slogan, "Africa for the Africans - Those at Home and Those Abroad". [caption id="attachment_70247" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Red Black Green Flag[/caption] The movement, led by Garvey's Universal…
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African American History – The Struggle Continues

Slave Rebellions to Barak Obama A History of African American Political Struggle [HDquiz quiz = "1595"] African American history is a history rich with political struggle. Whether we study the early slave rebellions, the Civil War, #reconstruction, Post-Reconstruction, the Garvey Movement, the 1960s Civil Rights and Black Power movements, or the rise of Black elected officials up to, and including, the election of Barak Obama, African Americans have engaged in deliberate political action to advance their quality of life within the United States. In 2008, tens of millions of African Americans turned out in historic numbers to propel Barak Obama to the Democratic Party nomination and, ultimately, the Presidency of the United States.  The turnout in that election was the culmination of a massive upswing in Black voting which began with the…
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Huge Black Voter Turnout Historical Threat to Whites

Black Voter Turnout Leads to White Backlash Since the end of slavery in the US, increases in Black Voter Turnout have led to a white backlash. Black voter turnout during the Reconstruction era of the 1870s lead to the emergence of large numbers of African American elected officials in the American South. This black political power was viewed as such a threat to white America, that it lead to organized white terror campaigns of murder, lynching, voter intimidation, voter suppression, and a new legal system of American Apartheid or Jim Crow. Black Voter Intimidation, Voter Suppression That Post- Reconstruction initiated backlash was the historical precedent for the voter intimidation and voter suppression being witnessed in the United States in the early 2020s.  It reversed all of the gains of the…
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Africa: Millions of African Muslims Mark Eid Holiday Amid Uncertain Times

Johannesburg — Eid al-Fitr is a special time of year for the nearly half of Africa's population who are adherents of Islam. But this year's celebration is different amid the continuing coronavirus pandemic and the devastation it has caused across the continent. Last year's festival was overshadowed by lockdowns and pandemic restrictions worldwide. Some of the same restrictions are in place this year, said Sheikh Mohammed Isaak, an imam at Nairobi's prominent Jamia Mosque, but they have adapted. "This is a great challenge," he told VOA. "But despite that, we thank Allah that this year we are able to pray together the last 10 days of Ramadan and also today, Eid-al Fitr, we have celebrated or prayed together as a community. And this is something that we should not take…
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South Africa: Workers Make SA a Better Place

President Cyril Ramaphosa has paid tribute to the efforts of workers amidst the ongoing fight against COVID-19. The President said workers have sacrificed a lot and have been severely affected by the pandemic in terms of the loss of income. "Frontline workers such as medical personnel, the police teachers and other staff members in the public service, workers in the retail sector have put their lives on the line during the height of the pandemic to keep the country going. We salute these heroes and heroines of our country that have sacrificed their own lives so that we can live," he said. The President was addressing the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu), Workers' Day event on Saturday. In his address, the President warned South Africans of the risk…
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Midtown hospital looks to ID patient who’s been there for 5 months

The man, who is believed to be in his late 50s or early 60s, arrived at the emergency department Nov. 20 after Atlanta police found him wandering around the downtown area, Emory spokeswoman Janet Christenbury said. Hospital staff and law enforcement haven’t been able to identify the patient, who can’t provide information about who he is, where he lives or if he has family in the area.Anyone who recognizes the man is asked to call Emory police at 404-727-8055.*** Update: Marcus Strozier Jr. has turned himself in to detectives and is in custody. ***nnNewnan Police Department is...Posted by Newnan Police Department on Thursday, April 22, 2021","provider_url":"https://www.facebook.com","_id":"https://www.facebook.com/NewnanPoliceDepartment/posts/4712772738749536&locale=en_US","additional_properties":{"comments":[],"_id":1619215469191},"provider_name":"Facebook","type":"facebook-post","version":"1.0"},"type":"oembed_response"},{"_id":"K2J3Y6IWVRHFBNIKNR3JNZ5FGQ","additional_properties":{"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1619214976191},"type":"text","content":"Marcus Strozier Jr., of Newnan, was identified as Wells’ boyfriend by police and charged with murder, though he was not on the scene when officers arrived.…
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Zimbabwe: #[email protected] – Together Growing Our Economy for A Prosperous, Resilient and Inclusive Society

Cape Town — Today marks one of the most important days in the history of our nation Zimbabwe. ZANU PF Cape District wishes to express its deep, heartfelt congratulations to His Excellency President Emerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa and the people of Zimbabwe on this auspicious occasion of the 41th Anniversary of Independence! This very special day, forty one (41) years ago, the people of Zimbabwe became free and liberated from the shackles of bondage and colonial subjugation visited upon them for nearly a century by colonial settlers, after an arduous, bitter and protracted armed struggle. It is a great day of jubilation as we celebrate the fundamental freedoms and sacrosanct liberties that were ushered in by our gallant fallen and living heroes who selflessly sacrificed their lives to set us free…
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Africa: AU-Led Dialogue On GERD Will Resume Soon – Foreign Affairs Spokesperson

Addis Ababa — Ethiopia expressed its conviction that the AU-led dialogue over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will commence soon under the leadership of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In his biweekly press briefing today, Foreign Affairs Spokesperson, Dina Mufti said Ethiopia remains confident that the AU-led negotiation over the dam is an ongoing process that will provide win-win solutions to the negotiating parties. "We hope the trilateral meeting will resume soon. We believe the three countries will agree on the next process regarding issues such as filling and operation of the dam," according Dina. Egypt and Sudan are now demanding the involvement of other parties in the ongoing GERD mediation process. However, according to the Spokesperson, the AU-led negotiation should be finalized before any other option is…
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Zimbabwe: A Paradigm Shift From False Expectations of Reform in a Securocrat State, to a Conference to Resolve It.

The discussion on the crisis in Zimbabwe has over the years been premised on the false expectation that a state increasingly based and surviving on the strength of a military-security machinery can reform itself out of power. What is required now is an acknowledgement, and a consensus at the national, regional and global levels, that the crisis, one almost similar to that which was resolved almost 40 years ago through the Lancaster House Conference in 1979, has to be confronted and resolved through the agency of consultations. Now, as was the case in 1979, Zimbabwe is a serious cause of regional instability. This process must be initiated at the national level, facilitated by South Africa and SADC and the AU, and scaffolded by the UK, EU, USA, Russia, China and…
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Kemp suspends Paulding DA Donovan from office

In an executive order signed Wednesday, Kemp wrote that Donovan “has voluntarily authorized his suspension” as DA. Under Georgia law, Donovan will remain suspended until his legal case is closed or his term ends, whichever occurs first.Donovan was re-elected in 2014 and 2018, so his term would expire at the end of 2022. He will continue to receive his salary while he is suspended, according to state law. If Donovan is convicted, he will no longer receive a salary. n","_id":"https://twitter.com/HallCountySO/status/1364695978637459459","additional_properties":{"comments":[],"_id":1614210286370},"provider_name":"Twitter","height":null},"type":"oembed_response"},{"_id":"GSHLQJHOXRC2VIX4VBQED3VMCY","additional_properties":{"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614206308792},"type":"text","content":"“We can say the incident was confined to the residence,” sheriff’s office spokesman Derreck Booth said in an email. “As far as how it played out, that’s still under investigation.”"},{"_id":"GVBAPVBOORCCVOKBSLJZJBITLY","additional_properties":{"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614210286372},"type":"text","content":"There was a large police presence outside the home Wednesday evening as detectives collected evidence from the scene."},{"_id":"BYZD2KQ7PVAS5AA6MSIYR4GXKA","additional_properties":{"inline_comments":[],"comments":[],"_id":1614210286373},"type":"text","content":"The names of the women…
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Six Capitol Police Officers Suspended After Insurrection | National

The United States Capitol Police has reportedly suspended six officers and is investigating nearly 30 others in connection with the deadly January 6 insurrection on the U.S. Capitol building. According to a statement provided to The Hill, the Capitol Police’s Office of Professional Responsibility is investigating a total of 35 officers, and that “Acting Chief Yogananda Pittman has directed that any member of her department whose behavior is not in keeping with the Department’s Rules of Conduct will face appropriate discipline." WTTG reported on Thursday (February 18) about the investigations, while CNN relayed about the possible additional probes. Investigators are reportedly looking through social media posts and allegations that officers may have been involved in the riot. Last month, the Capitol Police confirmed it was investigating the actions of some…
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Frederick Douglass and Ulysses S. Grant on Reconciliation and Its Pitfalls – BillMoyers.com

This post first appeared in the Muster: How the Past Informs the Future blog of The Journal of the Civil War Era. Speaking in New York City in 1878, Frederick Douglass had a warning for white northerners about how they remembered the Civil War. “Good, wise, and generous men at the North,” Douglass observed, “would have us forget and forgive, strew flowers alike and lovingly, on rebel and on loyal graves.” A group of white veterans had invited Douglass to speak at a ceremony commemorating Decoration Day — the holiday, later known as Memorial Day, for remembrance of the Civil War’s Union dead. In the shadow of Abraham Lincoln’s statue in Union Square, Douglass invoked Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address as he tried to arrest the drift of northern opinion and…
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Africa: President Ramaphosa Asks Rich Countries Not to Hoard Covid-19 Vaccines

President Cyril Ramaphosa says poor countries desperately need COVID-19 vaccines as much as other nations that have already started vaccinating their citizens. "We are all not safe if some countries are vaccinating their people and some countries are not vaccinating," said President Ramaphosa on Tuesday. The President did not hold back as he raised concerns about vaccine nationalism during a virtual State of the World Address at the World Economic Forum (WEF) Davos Dialogues. "The rich countries of the world went out and acquired large doses of vaccines from developers and manufacturers, and some countries have even gone beyond and acquired four times what their population needs," he said. According to the President, this was done to the exclusion of countries in the world that also need the lifesaving COVID-19…
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Democracy Needs to Find the Will to Roar – BillMoyers.com

And so, we are at the end of a year that has brought a presidential impeachment trial, a deadly pandemic that has killed more than 338,000 of us, a huge social movement for racial justice, a presidential election, and a president who has refused to accept the results of that election and is now trying to split his own political party. It’s been quite a year. But I had a chance to talk with history podcaster Bob Crawford of the Avett Brothers yesterday, and he asked a more interesting question. He pointed out that we are now twenty years into this century, and asked what I thought were the key changes of those twenty years. I chewed on this question for awhile and also asked readers what they thought. Pulling…
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Trump supporters didn’t become conspiracy theorists, conspiracy theorists became Trump supporters

The “quotas” excuse is harmful in so many ways. First, it leaves a large number of poorly informed white men nursing a grudge over a nonexistent “wrong.” Second, it perpetuates the upside-down mythology that white men are somehow at a disadvantage in the workplace. Third, the fact that so many interviewers feel comfortable in using this asinine racism-enhancing excuse tells you just how ugly and broken the American workplace still is today.  In any case, this is the kind of everyday lie that feeds the impression that, despite everyone putting forward their best effort, some unseen force gets in the way. They simply can’t get ahead thanks to someone in the “dark shadows.” Some “deep state.” Some international cabal of pizza-and-child-eating satanists. What do Donald Trump, COVID-19, and the Illuminati who secretly control the…
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Nina Simone was blunt about hand-wringers advising Black folks to ‘go slow’

Like most sane Black folks, I want Trump and his Republican Klan gone. Yesterday. We didn’t elect him. We are well aware that racism and white supremacy are deeply embedded in this nation’s foundation and we have been fighting against it since the time we were enslaved here, throughout Reconstruction and Jim Crow, and through the duration (ongoing) of the civil rights movement. We have had allies who were, and are, people of other races, and we are cognizant of the fact that unless white folks step up to the plate to correct what they have wrought, we’ll just have to keep on fighting. We are only 13% of this nation’s population.   We are not, however, going to tamp down our struggle for equality in order to soothe the feelings of white…
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George Floyd’s Death and the Long History of Racism in Minneapolis

The Would perchance additionally 25 dying of George Floyd, 46, marks one extra chapter in a prolonged historical past for The United States — and for Minneapolis, which has been the distance of protests in the times following Floyd’s dying. After Floyd, who used to be murky, died in police custody, bystander video published that a white police officer knelt on his neck at a Minneapolis intersection. The video did no longer match preliminary police-department statements about what took procedure, and resulted in the firing of 4 police officers desirous about the arrest. That the episode took procedure in opposition to the backdrop of a world pandemic has finest heightened longstanding racial tensions. Not finest is the virus disproportionately affecting African People, nonetheless the policed enforcement of social distancing in…
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How the Civil War Changed the Way Americans Thought About Economic Inequality

In the speed-as much as the 2020 election, some American citizens are increasingly more disturbed about the sizable vitality that wealth plays within the country’s democracy. Those concerns must now no longer bag a great deal surprised American citizens in 1776 — they assumed that property and political vitality had been intertwined. Indeed, one had to maintain property to vote, even supposing in The USA (unlike England) landholding change into well-liked and subsequently most free men also can vote. However even as American citizens praised their recent republic as uniquely egalitarian, they disturbed that a future aristocracy of wealth would inappropriate its politics. Some even referred to as for precise limits on property possession. After 1800 the country changed markedly, as individual property rights change into increasingly more sacred, wage…
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How Black Lives Matter Is Changing What Students Learn During Black History Month

Freshman one year can scheme anybody indubitably feel lost, but Seattle teen Janelle Gary felt specifically lost when she entered high college in 2015. At dwelling, she watched a wave of gentrification force alternate in the historically gloomy Central District neighborhood, and at school, where she modified into once actually apt one of the crucial few college students of shade in an honors historical previous class, she felt as if gloomy views beget been moreover in the minority. Having a leer abet on the 2d, as now-18-one year-used freshman at Central Washington College, she feels her trainer modified into once “tip-toeing” around onerous speed-related questions on historical previous. But things beget been diversified in her Ethnic Reviews class, where her trainer Jesse Hagopian remembered what it modified into once fancy…
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Was Martin Luther King Jr. a Republican or a Democrat? The Answer Is Complicated

Martin Luther King Jr.’s impact on American politics and his views about coverage considerations are a perennial topic of dialogue at some level of the time of his January 15 birthday and the Martin Luther King Jr. Day federal holiday. However, the civil-rights chief’s private political celebration affiliation stays a thriller. His niece Alveda King, an Evangelical supporter of President Donald Trump, has argued that her uncle became a Republican, love his father Martin Luther King, Sr., who became also a Baptist minister. That idea has been repeated usually, nonetheless videos that claim to gift that Martin Luther King, Jr. is Republican had been proven now to now not originate so. King’s son Martin Luther King III mentioned in 2008 that it’s “disingenuous” to divulge he became when there's now…
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Looking for Frederick Douglass in Savannah

SAVANNAH, Ga. — Frederick Douglass passed via this dapper Southern city handiest as soon as, for the briefest of visits — a half of-hour whistle-pause on his rail scoot to a speaking engagement in Jacksonville, Fla.It changed into April 1889, simply the 2d foray into the Deep South for the sizable orator, 5 decades after his creep from Maryland as a fugitive slave. Douglass changed into now a considerable political figure, with an dapper hilltop home in Washington, D.C. Throughout the South, Jim Crow authorized pointers and racial alarm had been demolishing the beneficial properties of Reconstruction.In Savannah, Douglass greeted the cheering crowd and reviewed a firm of sunless troops at the railway depot, and then he changed into long past.“Internal a stone’s throw of 1 in all the very…
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